Glossary

5G

Fifth-generation wireless technology was engineered to greatly increase the speed and responsiveness of wireless networks. With 5G, data transmitted over wireless broadband connections can travel at multigigabit speeds, with potential peak speeds as high as 20 gigabits per second (Gbps) by some estimates. These speeds exceed wireline network speeds and offer latency of 1 millisecond (ms) or lower, which is useful for applications that require real-time feedback. 5G will enable a sharp increase in the amount of data transmitted over wireless systems due to more available bandwidth and advanced antenna technology.

As Built

An as-built drawing is a revised drawing created and submitted by a contractor after a construction project is finished. They contain changes made from the initial drawings during the construction process, and provide an exact rendering of the building and property as it appears upon completion.

Backhaul

A non-technical definition is the commercial wholesale bandwidth provider who offers Quality of Service (QOS) guarantees to the retailer. Backhaul generally refers to the side of the network that communicates with the global Internet, paid for at wholesale commercial access rates to or at an Ethernet Exchange or other core network access location. For example, while cellphones communicating with a single cell tower constitute a local sub-network, the connection between the cell tower and the rest of the world begins with a backhaul link to the core of the telephone company’s network (via a point of presence). Cell phone towers must be directly connected to fiber optic, replacing older T-1 connections. 

Bandwidth

Bandwidth refers to the amount of information a connection to the internet, can handle at a given time.

Broadband

In telecommunications, broadband means a wide range of frequencies over which information can be transmitted. For example, picture a highway. Only one car can travel at a time on a one-lane highway (narrowband), but there can be more traffic at the same time on a six-lane highway (broadband). Allows users to have “always-on” data connections that enable them to access multiple media sources and a wide range of information at the same time.

Broadband Network Services

A general term used to mean any high-speed Internet access that is always on and faster than dial-up access over traditional analog or ISDN PSTN services. Broadband is a wide bandwidth data transmission which transports multiple signals and traffic types. The medium can be coaxial cable, optical fiber, radio or twisted pair.

C-RAN

Cloud, Centralized, Concentrated Remote Access Network is an architecture for cellular networks.

CADD

Computer Aided Design and Drafting is a subfield of engineering which deals with the design and drafting of objects and materials through the use of specialized software that visualizes designs as modular 3D computer models. Computer aided design (CAD) software is used for creating the 3D models complete with detailed documentation such as dimensions, materials used and even details the design process.

CBRS

Citizens Broadband Radio Service is a 150 MHz wide broadcast band of the 3.5 GHz band in the United States. In 2017, the US Federal Communications Commission completed a process which began in 2012 to establish rules for commercial use of this band, while reserving parts of the band for the US Federal Government to limit interference with US Navy radar systems and aircraft communications.

CD

Construction Drawings (CD) provide details, and specifications that describe the size, character, design, construction, materials, and the structural, mechanical, electrical (and other) systems of the project. Construction drawings are prepared and certified by a Professional Engineer (P.E.)

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access. Channel access method used by different radio communication technologies. CDMA assigns unique codes to different groups of users, so other groups hear just noise and tune out.

CDMA system

Code Division Multiple Access is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies. CDMA is where several transmitters can send information simultaneously over a single communication channel. This allows several users to share a band of frequencies (see bandwidth). To permit this without undue interference between the users, CDMA employs spread spectrum technology and a special coding scheme (where each transmitter is assigned a code).

Cell Site Agreement

Any agreement, lease, license, or other legal instrument that grants a carrier sufficient ownership interest in property to allow the installation and operation of a site; also, CSAA (Cell Site Agreement Amendment).

Cellular

A communication system that divides a geographic region into sections, called cells. The purpose of this division is to make the most use out of a limited number of transmission frequencies. Each connection, or conversation, requires its own dedicated frequency.

COI

Certificate Of Insurance is proof of insurance required by carriers/clients from their vendors.

Colocation

More than one wireless carrier on an individual site; most carriers then have 3-9 antennas per site. An anchor carrier is the first carrier to have hardware on the site; a.k.a. collo.

Construction Management

A service that implements specialized, project management methods to manage the design, construction and the planning of a project, from its start to its end.

DAS

A network of spatially separated antenna nodes connected to a common source via a transport medium that provides wireless service within a geographic area or structure.

Ethernet

The most common type of connection computers use in a local area network (LAN). Two widely-used forms of Ethernet are 10BaseT and 100BaseT. In 10BaseT connections, data transfer speeds can reach 10 mbps (megabits per second) through a copper cable. In a 100BaseT connection, transfer speeds can get to 100 mbps. There is also a new technology called “Gigabit” Ethernet, where data rates peak at 1000 mbps.

EVDO (Evolution Data Optimized)

A 3G technology used by CDMA carriers to increase data transfer speeds.

FCC

Federal Communications Commission is an independent agency of the United States government that regulates communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable across the United States. The FCC maintains jurisdiction over the areas of broadband access, fair competition, radio frequency use, media responsibility, public safety, and homeland security.  

Fiber Optic Network

A network compiled of fiber optic cables that are made of thin strands of glass that transmit light. Computer information is converted into light pulses to send across the cables and is converted back into regular data when it reaches its destination. Fiber optic cables offer greater speed and bandwidth — over other types of network cable.

Fixed Wireless Access

(FWA) is a way of providing wireless connectivity through radio links between two fixed points. In other words, fixed wireless is a way to provide wireless internet access to homes or businesses without laying fiber and cables to provide last mile connectivity. FWA enables network operators to provide ultra-high-speed broadband to sub-urban and rural areas where the cost of laying fiber or maintaining fiber lines is prohibitively expensive.

Foundation Analysis

Detailed examination of the elements of a foundation. The foundation of any structure plays an important role in the safety and satisfactory performance of the structure as it transmits mechanical loads of the electrical transmission system. Without having a sound and safe foundation, the structure cannot perform the functions for which it has been designed.

FTTB

Fiber To The Building

FTTH

Fiber To The Home

FTTP

Fiber To The Premises

FTTX

Fiber To Everything

GPS Mapping

Global Positioning System is a satellite navigation system used to determine the ground position of an object.

GSM

Global System for Mobile Communications is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation (2G) digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as mobile phones and tablets. 

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