Glossary

Professional Engineer (PE)

To become licensed, professional engineer one must complete a four-year college degree, work under a Professional Engineer for at least four years, pass two intensive competency exams and earn a license from their state’s licensure board. Then, to retain their licenses, PE’s must continually maintain and improve their skills throughout their careers. 

Project Management

Uses processes, skills, tools and knowledge to complete a planned project and achieve its goals. 

Pull Box

Pulls fiber from current path and connects and/or redirects it to a new location. 

RAD

Center of Radiation; center line of wireless antenna; a.k.a. RAD Center. 

RFDS

Radio Frequency Data Sheet is a summary of the site design created by a Radio Frequency (RF) engineer that includes the antenna, base station, cables, radio equipment and frequency specifications, etc. for a cell site. Often included in the CDs for the corresponding site. 

Right Of Way Sites

Location owned by someone else that you must travel through to get to another location. 

RRH

Remote Radio Head or RRU: Remote Radio Unit.  Remote radio heads increase a base station’s efficiency and facilitate easier physical location for gap coverage problems. The RRH contains the base station’s RF circuitry plus analog-to-digital/digital-to-analog converters and up/down converters. RRHs also have operation and management processing capabilities and a standardized optical interface to connect to the rest of the base station.  

S&S

Term meaning that a construction design (CD) has been signed and sealed by a licensed professional engineer (PE). 

SAP (Site Action Plan)

Submitted to client by vendor; indicates what services the vendor expects to order and perform for a specific site. 

SARF (Site Acquisition Request Form)

All site information known at the beginning of a project; given to vendor by the client when a site is issued by a wireless carrier. Contains the central coordinates for the proposed site location. 

SCIP

A Site Candidate Information Packet is created by vendor and submitted to client; includes all relevant information about proposed site. Used only for NSB/NSD projects. 

Scope or Scope of Work

A contract which defines the services that will be supplied by a contractor/vendor (i.e., Advantage) to the client; can include Site Acquisition, NEPA screening, environmental studies, zoning services, and A&E services. These services are also often listed in the SAP, or Site Action Plan. 

Site Acquisition

Professional land experts that uncover, evaluate and secure land for the purposes of development on behalf of an individual or a company. 

Small Cell

An umbrella term used to describe a miniature radio access point (AP) or wireless network base station with a low radio frequency power output, footprint and range. Small cells enhance cellular network coverage and capacity in areas — such as densely populated city centers — where use demands are the highest. 

Stealth Enclosures

Are designed to conceal or integrate small cell enclosures so they fit into the surrounding environment and remain invisible. 

Sub-6

Refers to 5G that operates at a frequency below 6GHz. 

Switch/Switching

A device that channels incoming data from any of multiple input ports to the specific output port that will take the data toward its intended destination. In the traditional circuit-switched telephone network, one or more switches are used to set up a dedicated, though temporary, connection or circuit for an exchange between two or more parties. On an Ethernet LAN a switch determines from the physical device.

TDMA

Time Division Multiple Access: Air interface for digital cellphones that interleaves data in time slots. 

TIA-222

Refers to the structural standard for antenna supporting structures, antennas and small wind turbine support structures.  

TR-14

Engineering committee responsible for the ANSI/TIA-222 standards.

Utility Easement

Allows a utility the right to use and access specific area of another’s property for laying gas, electric, water, telecommunication, and sewer lines. A utility easement is attached to the property deed so that it passes on even when the property is transferred or sold. 

VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol is a method and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet. 

Wireless Network

A computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes. Wireless networking is a method by which homes, telecommunications networks and business installations avoid the costly process of introducing cables into a building, or as a connection between various equipment locations.

Zoning

Refers to municipal or local laws or regulations that govern how real property can and cannot be used in certain geographic areas. 

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